The avp.exe process is a primary component of Kaspersky Internet Security and Kaspersky Anti-Virus, two renowned antivirus programs developed by the Russian cybersecurity company, Kaspersky Lab. This executable file plays a crucial role in the functionality of these programs on both Windows 11 and Windows 10 systems. Specifically, avp.exe carries out key security operations such as real-time scanning and virus definition updates.
However, many users have reported issues regarding its high CPU, memory, and disk usage, which may lead to slower performance of their computers. This article aims to thoroughly explain what avp.exe is, why it sometimes causes high resource usage, and what you can do to address it.
What is avp.exe?
avp.exe is a legitimate executable file developed and used by Kaspersky Lab for its antivirus programs. The file name “avp.exe” stands for AntiVirus Process, which provides a clue about its main function. Its main role is to scan your computer for potential threats, provide real-time protection, and keep your antivirus definitions up-to-date.
Primarily, avp.exe is responsible for analyzing your system files and activities for potential threats. It operates in the background, ensuring minimal interruptions to your work or computer use, but jumps into action the moment it detects a potential threat. This real-time protection ensures that your system is safeguarded around the clock, making it a critical part of your computer’s security infrastructure.
Additionally, avp.exe manages the updates to your virus definitions. As new viruses, malware, and other cyber threats emerge, Kaspersky Lab releases updates to its antivirus definitions – a sort of “encyclopedia” of known threats. These updates are vital for your antivirus software to recognize and combat the latest threats, and avp.exe ensures these updates are downloaded and implemented in a timely manner.
Related resource: How to Disable Kaspersky Notification in Windows 11
Is avp.exe a virus or malware?
As a component of the Kaspersky antivirus software, the legitimate avp.exe file is not a virus or malware. However, some malicious programs can disguise themselves as avp.exe to avoid detection. This is often a tactic employed by cybercriminals to trick users.
If you find avp.exe located outside the usual Kaspersky Lab folder (C:\Program Files (x86)\Kaspersky Lab), it could be a sign of malware. In such cases, run a full system scan with your antivirus software. If you suspect that the avp.exe file is infected, do not attempt to delete it yourself; instead, let your antivirus software handle it.
Why avp.exe causes high CPU, memory, and disk usage
The primary role of avp.exe is to monitor and safeguard your system against malicious threats. It is constantly scanning files, executing real-time protective measures, and updating virus definitions. These operations are resource-intensive, leading to high CPU, memory, and disk usage. However, the resource usage should only spike during certain periods and not remain high consistently.
- During System Scans: System scans, especially full scans, are resource-intensive operations. During a system scan, avp.exe has to scan each file on your computer, which can significantly increase the CPU, memory, and disk usage.
- During Virus Definition Updates: Kaspersky Lab frequently updates its virus definitions to stay updated with the latest threats. During these updates, avp.exe may use a substantial amount of your system’s resources.
- Real-Time Protection: avp.exe constantly monitors your system for potential threats. It analyses files and software that are currently in use, which can increase resource usage.
How to mitigate high resource usage by avp.exe
If avp.exe is causing persistently high CPU, memory, or disk usage, it can significantly slow down your computer. Here are some steps you can follow to mitigate the issue:
- Check for Kaspersky Updates: If your antivirus program is out-of-date, it could cause higher resource usage. Click “Check for Updates” under the “Security” section in Kaspersky’s main interface to ensure your program is up-to-date.
- Change Scan Settings: Try changing the settings of your antivirus scans. Click “Security”, then navigate to “Scan”. You can schedule scans for when you’re less likely to use your computer, reducing the impact on system performance. Furthermore, consider using quick scans instead of full system scans when possible.
- Exclude Specific Files or Folders: If a particular file or folder doesn’t pose any security risk and you know it’s safe, you can exclude it from scans to reduce resource usage. Navigate to “Settings” > “Security settings” > “File Anti-Virus” > “Advanced settings” > “Manage exclusions“.
Here, you can click on “Manage exclusions” to exclude specific files and folders, or “Specify trusted application” to exclude certain applications.
- Configure Application Control Settings (Kaspersky Internet Security): Kaspersky allows you to control which applications avp.exe should monitor. By limiting the number of applications under scrutiny, you can reduce resource usage. To do this, click “Settings”, then navigate to “Application Control”.
- Contact Kaspersky Support: If none of the above solutions work, consider reaching out to Kaspersky’s customer support. They can guide you on how to solve the issue or suggest potential updates or patches.
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How to stop avp.exe process
You may have noticed that it’s not possible to simply end the avp.exe process from the Task Manager. When you attempt to do this, you will likely receive an error message stating, “The operation could not be completed. Access is denied.” This is because avp.exe is a critical part of the Kaspersky Antivirus or Internet Security software and the program is designed to prevent unauthorized termination to maintain continuous protection.
The only way to entirely stop the avp.exe process is to uninstall the Kaspersky Antivirus or Internet Security software. However, it’s important to understand the implications of doing this. By uninstalling the software, you’re removing the layer of security that it provides, leaving your system exposed to potential threats. Therefore, it’s advised to have a replacement antivirus solution ready to install.
To uninstall the Kaspersky software, you can navigate to the “Control Panel” > “Programs and Features”. Find the Kaspersky software in the list of installed programs, select it, and click “Uninstall”. Follow the prompts to complete the uninstallation process. Remember to restart your system after the uninstallation process to ensure that all components of the software, including the avp.exe process, are fully removed.
The avp.exe process is a crucial component of Kaspersky’s antivirus solutions. While it may cause high CPU, memory, and disk usage due to its continuous monitoring and protective operations, the steps outlined in this article should help mitigate its impact on your system’s performance.
Always ensure that your Kaspersky antivirus is up-to-date and configured correctly to provide the best balance between protection and performance. If you decide to stop the avp.exe process, be prepared with an alternative security solution to keep your system protected.