Syndication or Spam on iPhone, Android or PC

Published by Nyau Wai Hoe - Updated on

When browsing the internet, threats and annoyances often pop up, sometimes seemingly out of nowhere. One such nuisance has been the spam from domains such as “”, “”, and various other subdomains stemming from “”. Whether you’re on an iPhone, iPad, Android phone or tablet, or PC, these intrusive links can disrupt your browsing experience with unwanted ads, pop-ups, and redirects. Understanding their origin, intention, and, most importantly, how to counteract them, is essential for maintaining a smooth and secure browsing experience. In this article, we’ll discuss the details of these domains, uncovering their motives and providing step-by-step solutions to tackle them.

Also see: How to Scan an .exe File for Viruses to Check If It’s Safe and

What are “” and “”? and its subdomains, like “” and “”, have become notable for their association with advertising networks and potentially unwanted programs (PUPs). While the main purpose of many advertising networks is to serve legitimate ads to fund free content, some take a more aggressive approach, causing disturbances to users.

  1. Intrusive ads and pop-ups: These domains are notorious for displaying ads that are particularly intrusive, popping up unexpectedly or taking over an entire browser window. This not only hampers the user experience but can also slow down the device or browser.
  2. Redirects: Another annoying behavior linked to these domains is automatic redirection to other sites, some of which could be malicious or phishing-based. Such redirects can lead users away from their intended web content to unrelated or potentially harmful sites.
  3. Potential malware links: Although not every ad or redirect from these domains is malicious, their aggressive behavior increases the risk of users encountering malware, phishing sites, or other digital threats.
  4. Data tracking: Like many ad networks, it’s possible that these domains track user data to serve targeted ads. This means your browsing habits, location, device type, and more might be monitored and stored.

Understanding the nature of spam is the first step in combating it. Recognizing the signs and behaviors associated with these domains can help users take prompt action to protect their devices and personal data.

Linked issueChrome or Firefox keeps opening new tabs on its own, virus?

Is a virus? and its associated subdomains, such as “” and “”, do not classify strictly as viruses in the traditional sense of the term. Instead, they are linked to aggressive advertising networks and potentially unwanted programs (PUPs). While a virus is typically designed to replicate itself by inserting its code into other computer programs, mainly focuses on displaying intrusive ads, pop-ups, and causing browser redirects.

Syndication Spam

However, the aggressive behavior associated with these domains, especially the constant and unwanted advertisements, can often be reminiscent of adware. Adware is a type of software that automatically displays or downloads advertising material when a user is online. While not as malicious as many viruses, adware can be incredibly annoying and might sometimes pave the way for more severe threats.

Similar adware: Removing Malware from Your Device

Is redirects dangerous?

Redirects from can be potentially dangerous. Here’s why:

  1. Unexpected destinations: One of the significant risks with any redirect is that you can never be entirely sure where you’re being taken. While some redirects might lead to harmless ads or promotional content, others could take you to malicious websites or phishing attempts.
  2. Drive-by downloads: Some redirects can lead to sites that attempt to automatically download potentially unwanted software or even malware onto your device. These “drive-by downloads” can happen without any interaction from the user.
  3. Data collection: Many redirect-based ad networks can track user behavior, gathering data about your online habits, sites you visit, and even personal information, which can then be sold or misused.
  4. Phishing risks: Some redirects aim to impersonate legitimate websites to steal personal information or credentials. For instance, you might be redirected to a site that looks like your bank’s login page but is a cleverly disguised trap.

While itself might not be a virus, the behaviors associated with it, especially the redirects, carry inherent risks. It’s always wise to approach any unexpected or unfamiliar online activity with caution.

Recommended read: How to Find a Keylogger on Your Computer

Removing the spam on different devices


The iOS ecosystem is structured to provide a significant level of protection against external threats, but no system is impervious. Here’s how to deal with spam on your iPhone:

  1. Clear Safari browser data: Open Settings and navigate to Safari. Then, tap on “Clear History and Website Data“ iPhone
  2. Check Safari settings: Go to “Settings”, scroll down and tap “Safari”. Ensure “Block Pop-ups” is turned on. Also, consider using the “Limit Ad Tracking” iPhone
  3. Review apps: When apps have the requisite permissions, they can open any link they’re programmed to, including and Examine the apps you’ve recently installed. Any unfamiliar or dubious app might be the culprit. Navigate to your home screen, press and hold the suspicious app icon, then select “Remove App”.Remove app on iPhone
  4. Clear browser data in other browsers: If you’re using browsers like Firefox or Chrome on your iPhone, go to the settings or options within the browser and clear website cache, cookies, and other data. If issues persist, consider uninstalling the browser and then reinstalling it from the App Store for a fresh start.


Given the open nature of Android, it’s sometimes more prone to such nuisances. Here’s a guide to safeguarding your device:

  1. Clear browser data: If you’re using Chrome, tap on the “three dots” at the top right > “History” > “Clear browsing data”. Choose the time range and types of data you want to remove, then tap “Clear data”.Android clear Chrome browsing history cookies and cache
  2. Additional browser clearing: If issues persist after clearing the browsing data, go to your Android’s “Settings” > “Apps” > find your browser (like Chrome or Firefox) > “Storage”. From there, you can “Clear Cache” and “Clear Data”. Alternatively, consider uninstalling and then reinstalling the browser for a complete fresh start.Clear Chrome cache on Android
  3. Browser settings: Ensure the “Pop-ups and redirects” option is disabled in your browser settings.
  4. Review apps: Apps with the right permissions can automatically open specific links they’re set to, like and Head to “Settings” > “Apps” or “Application Manager”. Scan the list for any apps you don’t recall installing or ones that seem suspicious. If you spot any, click on the app and then tap “Uninstall”.Uninstall app on Android
  5. Use security apps: Download and run a reputable security or antivirus app from the Play Store. Regularly scanning your device can help identify and eliminate threats like viruses, malware, and adware.Scan for Virus on Android Security App

Windows PC:

Whether you’re using a Windows PC, a Mac, or a Linux machine, the intrusion can be similar. Here are some general steps:

  1. Clear browser cookies, cache and other data: In browsers like Chrome or Firefox, go to “Settings” or “Options” > “Privacy & Security” > “Clear browsing data” or “Clear history”.Clear Chrome cache and cookies
  2. Check browser extensions: Some extensions can cause unwanted ads or redirects. Review and remove any unfamiliar extensions. Typically, this can be done by heading to the “Extensions” or “Add-ons” section in your browser settings.Disable Chrome Extensions
  3. Antivirus scan: Run a thorough system scan with a reputable antivirus program. Ensure it’s updated to the latest definitions.Run a full virus scan on Windows 11
  4. Installed programs: Software and programs, when granted the necessary permissions, can open any website they are programmed to, such as those from the domain, on your computer. Check your installed programs for any recently added software that you don’t recognize. Remove anything suspicious.Uninstall suspicious app or program in Windows 11


“”, “”, and related subdomains from the “” family represent just a small portion of the vast array of adware and malware lurking online. To stay safe online, it’s crucial to be careful about the links we click and the files we download. It’s always a good rule of thumb to decline notification requests from unfamiliar or untrustworthy websites. Furthermore, regularly updating and maintaining our security tools, such as antivirus software, ensures that we have the best defense against these and other potential cyber threats.

Nyau Wai Hoe
Nyau Wai Hoe is the Founder and Chief Editor of With a degree in software engineering and over 12 years of experience in the tech support industry, Nyau has established himself as an expert in the field, with a primary focus on the Microsoft Windows operating system. As a tech enthusiast, he loves exploring new technologies and leveraging them to solve real-life problems.

Share via
Copy link