What is Netsh.exe & its Popup and Crashes in Windows 11

Published by Nyau Wai Hoe - Updated on

Netsh.exe, short for Network Shell, is a command-line utility found in Windows 11 and Windows 10 that allows users to configure and manage various network settings. It is a powerful tool that provides access to a wide range of network-related functions, making it a valuable asset for both advanced users and network administrators. In this article, we will explore what Netsh.exe is, why it may appear as a popup on startup, its application error issues, and potential crashing problems in Windows 11.

Also see: How to Scan an .exe File for Viruses to Check If It’s Safe

What is Netsh.exe and its Popup and Crashing in Windows 11

What is Netsh.exe?

Netsh.exe stands for “Network Shell”. It is a command-line scripting utility that allows users to, either locally or remotely, display or modify the network configuration of a currently running computer. Netsh is particularly useful for network administrators who manage complex networks and need to automate certain tasks or troubleshoot networking issues.

Some of its primary uses include:

  • Managing network interfaces.
  • Setting up routing tables.
  • Configuring firewall settings.
  • Monitoring active network connections.

Related resource: How to Use Netsh Interface IP Set Address or DNS in CMD

What is Netsh.exe

Why does Netsh.exe popup on startup?

When a user notices Netsh.exe popping up during the startup process of their Windows 11 or Windows 10 system, it can be confusing. Here’s why this might happen:

  1. Scheduled tasks: Sometimes, specific tasks or scripts are scheduled to run at startup, and these scripts might utilize Netsh commands. It’s common in enterprise environments where configurations are periodically enforced.
  2. Malicious software: Unwanted pop-ups can sometimes be the result of malware or virus that uses Netsh to manipulate network settings without the user’s knowledge.
  3. Software dependencies: Certain software applications, especially those that manage or monitor network connections, might use Netsh commands during their initialization process at startup.
  4. Network-related Errors: Occasionally, during the startup sequence, Windows may encounter issues with network settings or services. When troubleshooting such problems, Netsh.exe can be invoked to diagnose and attempt to fix these errors, resulting in its appearance on startup.

If you ever notice a Netsh.exe popup at startup or behave strangely, it’s essential to verify the reason, especially if it’s unexpected.

Useful tip: How to Disable Startup Programs in Windows 11

Netsh.exe popup on startup

Netsh.exe crashing issues in Windows 11

Although Netsh.exe is a core component of the Windows operating system and is thoroughly tested, there are instances when it might crash due to various reasons. When Netsh.exe crashes, it can cause disruptions in network configurations and lead to potential networking issues or even causing the entire Windows session to crash. Some common reasons for Netsh.exe crashes include:

  1. Corrupted system files: Just like any other executable, Netsh.exe can be impacted by corrupted system files that are critical for its proper functioning. These corruptions may occur due to hardware issues, software conflicts, or malware.
  2. Memory or resource constraints: If the system is running low on memory or other essential resources, Netsh.exe may fail to execute correctly, leading to crashes.
  3. Driver conflicts: Outdated or incompatible network drivers can interfere with Netsh.exe operations, leading to instability and crashes.
  4. Third-party software interference: Certain third-party software, particularly security suites or network management tools, may conflict with Netsh.exe, causing crashes.

Learn more: How to Run System File Check at Boot in Windows 11/10

Netsh.exe crashing Windows 11

Netsh.exe “Application Error” issue

Netsh.exe, like any other system executable, can encounter “Application Error” that disrupts its normal functioning. Reasons for this error include:

  1. Corrupt Windows: A corrupted version of Windows 11 might be the reason behind malfunctioning Netsh.exe.
  2. Malware infection: Malicious software might disguise itself as Netsh.exe, causing application errors.
  3. Registry issues: Invalid Netsh-related registry entries can also lead to these errors.

Handy guide: How to Know Which Process is Using a File in Windows 11

Netsh.exe Application Error

Other related errors

When users attempt to execute the Netsh.exe command or when applications call upon it to configure network settings, they might encounter the following issues:

  1. “Command Not Found” Error: If the system cannot locate the Netsh.exe executable or it is missing from its default location, users may receive a “Command not found” error. This issue can occur due to corruption, accidental deletion, or modifications to system files.Netsh command was not found
  2. “Access Denied” Error: Sometimes, users may face an “Access denied” error when attempting to execute Netsh.exe. This issue usually arises when users lack the necessary administrative privileges to run network-related commands.
  3. Incorrect Command Syntax: Netsh.exe is a powerful utility with a vast array of commands and parameters. Users unfamiliar with its syntax may input incorrect commands, leading to errors in application.
  4. Corrupted Configuration Files: Netsh.exe relies on various configuration files to function correctly. If these files become corrupted or contain erroneous data, it can result in application errors.

How to fix Netsh.exe issues in Windows 11

If you are experiencing any issues related to Netsh.exe, such as startup popups, application errors, or crashing problems in Windows 11, there are several steps you can take to resolve them effectively. It is essential to approach the troubleshooting process systematically to identify and address the root cause of the problems. Here’s a comprehensive set of solutions to tackle these issues:

Run a full scan for malware and viruses

The first step in resolving any unexpected behavior with Netsh.exe is to ensure that your system is free from malware and viruses. Malicious software can misuse system utilities like Netsh.exe, leading to potential popups, errors, or crashes. Run a full system scan using a reliable antivirus software or Windows Defender to detect and eliminate any harmful programs.

Run a full virus scan on Windows 11

Run System File Checker (SFC)

The System File Checker (SFC) is a built-in Windows utility that scans and repairs corrupted or missing system files. Open an elevated Command Prompt and run the following command:

sfc /scannow

SFC scannow successful repair Windows 11

Allow the scan to complete, and if any issues are found, SFC will attempt to repair them. Restart your computer after the process finishes.

Recommended guide: How to Startup Repair Windows 11/10 using Command Prompt

Run Deployment Image Service and Management Tool (DISM)

DISM is another useful tool to repair the Windows image and resolve system component corruption. Open an elevated Command Prompt and run the following commands:

DISM /online /cleanup-image /scanhealth
DISM /online /cleanup-image /restorehealth

If any issues are detected, DISM will attempt to repair them. Restart your computer after the process completes.

Run DISM Windows 11

Check the Event Viewer

The Event Viewer provides valuable insights into system events, errors, and warnings. It can help pinpoint specific issues related to Netsh.exe or other components. To access the Event Viewer:

  1. Search for “Event Viewer” in the Start menu.
  2. Select “Event Viewer” to open it.How to open Event Viewer in Windows 11
  3. Navigate to “Windows Logs” > “Application” and “System.”Check Event Viewer Netsh in Windows 11
  4. Look for any error or warning messages that occurred around the time you experienced the Netsh.exe issues.

Perform a clean boot

Performing a clean boot helps identify if third-party applications or services are causing conflicts with Netsh.exe. To do this, open “Task Manager,” go to the “Startup” tab, and disable all startup items.

Additionally, you should also disable all non-system critical third party startup services for a clean boot. To do so, follow the steps below:

  1. Type msconfig in the Start menu and open “System Configuration.”MSConfig System Configuration Windows 11
  2. In the System Configuration window, select the “Services” tab.
  3. Check “Hide all Microsoft services,” and then click “Disable all.”Clean Boot Windows 11
  4. Restart your computer and observe if the Netsh.exe issues persist. If the issues are resolved, gradually enable startup items and services until you identify the one causing the problem.

Perform a system restore

If the Netsh.exe issues started occurring recently and you suspect a recent change might be the cause, you can try using System Restore to revert your system to a previous state. This process undoes system changes without affecting your personal files.

System Restore Windows 11

Reset or reinstall Windows

If none of the above solutions resolve the Netsh.exe issues, you may consider resetting or reinstalling Windows 11 as a last resort. Resetting or reinstalling Windows will refresh the operating system, and if the problems were caused by corrupted system files or settings, this should resolve them. When you reset Windows, you can keep your personal files, but with a complete reinstall, you start fresh, and everything will be wiped clean.

Reset Windows 11


Netsh.exe is not just another program in Windows 11; it’s a vital component of the operating system. It’s built-in and essential for managing and troubleshooting networks. Therefore, it’s not something that should be deleted.

However, like any sophisticated tool, it can encounter problems. If a user experiences an issue with Netsh.exe, it’s best to determine the root cause and address it rather than trying to avoid or stop using Netsh. In many instances, it’s other software or malware using netsh.exe that triggers the problem. Addressing those culprits should resolve the issue.

Nyau Wai Hoe
Nyau Wai Hoe is the Founder and Chief Editor of WindowsDigitals.com. With a degree in software engineering and over 12 years of experience in the tech support industry, Nyau has established himself as an expert in the field, with a primary focus on the Microsoft Windows operating system. As a tech enthusiast, he loves exploring new technologies and leveraging them to solve real-life problems.

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