PowerShell: Open URL in Chrome, Edge or Firefox

Published by Nyau Wai Hoe - Updated on

When you work with PowerShell, there are times when you need to open a website in a specific browser instead of just any browser or the default one. This is sometimes needed if you need to test how websites look in different browsers or if you need to automate tasks with only a certain browser, not the others.

In this guide, we’ll show you how to use PowerShell commands to open websites in any browser specified by you, whether it’s Chrome, Edge or Firefox, on Windows 11 or Windows 10.

How to Open URL in PowerShell in Chrome Edge Firefox

Open a URL in the default browser with PowerShell

Let’s first look at what command to use when you want to open a website with your computer’s default browser. If you don’t need to open a site in a specific browser, this is likely the easiest way. You can use the Start-Process command in PowerShell.

Start-Process "https://www.windowsdigitals.com"

powershell open url link in default browser

This command will open the website you choose in whatever browser your computer usually uses.

Related resource: How to Reverse an Array in PowerShell

Open URLs in Google Chrome with PowerShell

If you want to open a website specifically in Google Chrome, you can use a special command like the following.

[System.Diagnostics.Process]::Start("chrome", "https://www.windowsdigitals.com")

Opening URLs in Google Chrome with PowerShell

Just make sure Chrome is installed and you can find it in your computer’s list of programs (so that PowerShell can actually find it).

Might be useful: How to Set Chrome as Default Browser in Windows 11

Open URLs in Microsoft Edge with PowerShell

For opening a site in Microsoft Edge, you can use a similar command to the one for Chrome. Below is what you need to type.

[System.Diagnostics.Process]::Start("msedge", "https://www.windowsdigitals.com")

Opening URLs in Microsoft Edge with PowerShell

Just like with Chrome, make sure Edge is installed on your computer and PowerShell can actually find it.

Pro tip: Run CMD, PowerShell or Regedit as SYSTEM in Windows 11

Open URLs in Mozilla Firefox with PowerShell

To open a website in Mozilla Firefox using PowerShell, you use the same method as for Chrome and Edge.

[System.Diagnostics.Process]::Start("firefox", "https://www.windowsdigitals.com")

Opening URLs in Mozilla Firefox with PowerShell

Make sure Firefox is installed so that PowerShell knows where to find it on your computer.

Other method to open URLs in a specific browser

If the usual method to open a website in Google Chrome doesn’t work because Chrome isn’t in your computer’s program list, you can use a different command instead.

Start-Process "C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Chrome\Application\chrome.exe" -ArgumentList "http://www.windowsdigitals.com"

powershell open url in specific browser

In this command, you need to tell PowerShell exactly where to find Chrome on your computer, and then give it the website you want to open. This way, PowerShell knows exactly where to go to start Chrome.

Open a URL in PowerShell with other browsers

If you’re using a browser that’s not Chrome, Edge, or Firefox, like Opera, Brave, Tor, or even Safari, the process is mostly the same. Find where the browser’s program is on your computer and use the Start-Process command with the -ArgumentList parameter to tell it which website to open.

What if the browser version is different or if it has a custom path?

Different browser versions

If you have different versions of a browser, like the Beta or Developer editions of Chrome, you need to know exactly where they’re installed. To find where an application is on your computer, you can right-click its shortcut and look at its properties.

Custom install paths

If you’ve put your browser in a spot that’s not the usual place, you’ll need to tell PowerShell exactly where it is. You can write this location directly into your script, or find it through your computer’s settings if you’ve set it up that way.

Create a function to open URL in a specific browser

If you often need to open websites in specific browsers, you can actually make a function in PowerShell that does this for you. The following is an example function for opening a site in Google Chrome.

Function Open-Chrome {
Start-Process "C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Chrome\Application\chrome.exe" -ArgumentList $url

You can then call Open-Chrome "http://www.windowsdigitals.com" to open any website in Chrome whenever you need.

You should also check if the browser you want to use is actually installed before you try to open it. If PowerShell can’t find the program, it should tell you what went wrong in a way that’s easy to understand.

Nyau Wai Hoe
Nyau Wai Hoe is the Founder and Chief Editor of WindowsDigitals.com. With a degree in software engineering and over 12 years of experience in the tech support industry, Nyau has established himself as an expert in the field, with a primary focus on the Microsoft Windows operating system. As a tech enthusiast, he loves exploring new technologies and leveraging them to solve real-life problems.

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