Batch (.BAT) Files Not Running in Windows 11/10

Published by Nyau Wai Hoe - Updated on

If you’re a Windows user who works with batch files, you may have encountered a frustrating issue where your .BAT files don’t run as expected when double-clicked. Instead, they may open with a text editor, show syntax errors or do nothing at all.

This problem can be caused by various factors, from changes in default settings for .bat file extension to user errors. In this article, we’ll explore common causes and solutions for .BAT files not running on Windows 11 or Windows 10 and help you get your scripts back on track.

BAT Files Not Running Windows 11 10

What are batch files?

Before we dive into the troubleshooting tips, let’s clarify what batch files are and how they work. A batch file is a script that contains a sequence of commands or programs that can be executed in a batch, or batch mode, without requiring manual input from the user.

Batch files are often used for automating repetitive tasks, running multiple commands at once, or configuring system settings. They can be written in any text editor, such as Notepad or Visual Studio Code, and saved with a .bat extension.

Batch files are compatible with all versions of Windows, from DOS to Windows 11, and can be run from the command prompt or by double-clicking on the file icon.

Handy tip: How to Batch Rename Files in Windows 11

Why are your .BAT files not opening after double-clicking?

There are several reasons why your batch files may not open or run correctly when you double-click on them in Windows 11/10. Here are some of the common causes:

  • The default program for opening .bat files may have been changed to a text editor (.txt), command prompt (cmd.exe) or another application that cannot run scripts.
  • The file association for .bat files may be corrupted or missing in the Windows registry.
  • The batch file may contain errors or invalid syntax that prevent it from executing properly.
  • The Windows command prompt (CMD) may not be enabled or accessible on your system.
  • Your antivirus or security software may be blocking the batch file as a potential threat.
  • Your user account may not have the necessary permissions to run batch files or access certain directories.

How to fix Windows 11/10 .BAT file not running problem?

Depending on the root cause of the .bat file run problem, you may need to try different solutions. Here are some of the most effective methods to fix Windows batch (.BAT) file not running after double-clicking.

See also: How to Run Batch File Without the CMD Window

Use a registry fix to repair .BAT file association

Since there is no way to change the default settings for .bat extension files via any user interface, the only way to resolve this issue is by changing the settings through the registry. You can either manually change the registry using method 2 below or simply run our registry fix, as described in this method.

However, before you proceed, be warned that editing the Windows registry can be risky and may cause serious problems if you make a mistake. Therefore, we highly recommend that you create a system restore point prior to making any changes. This will allow you to easily restore your system to a previous state if something goes wrong.

  1. Download the .bat file association registry fix.
  2. Extract the downloaded ZIP file to a folder on your computer.Batch file won't run or open Windows 11
  3. Double-click on the “fix_bat_windows.reg” file to run it.
  4. Click “Yes” when prompted for confirmation.BAT extension not open with CMD
  5. Restart your computer.

After running the registry fix, the .bat file association should be restored to its default settings, and your batch files should open and run as expected.

Fix the .BAT file association manually using Registry Editor

If you prefer to repair the .bat file association yourself manually using Registry Editor, you can follow the steps below. However, please keep in mind that editing the Windows registry can be risky and may result in irreversible damage to your system. Therefore, it’s essential to create a system restore point before making any changes to the registry to protect against any unforeseen problems that may arise.

  1. Press Win + R to open the Run dialog box.
  2. Type “regedit” and press Enter to open the Registry Editor.Open Registry Editor
  3. Navigate to the following key by expanding the folders in the left pane:
  4. In the right pane, double-click on the “(Default)” value and set its value data to “batfile“. This will restore the default file association for .bat files.Windows 11 bat run problem
  5. Next, navigate to the following key:
  6. In the right pane, make sure that the “(Default)” value is not set. It should show “value not set“. If there is any other value present, right-click on “(Default)” and select “Delete” to remove it.bat file not working
  7. Then, navigate to the following key:
  8. Double-click on the “(Default)” value in the right pane.
  9. In the “Value data” field, enter "%1" %*. Make sure to include the quotation marks and the space between %1 and %*. This will set the default command for opening .bat files to the command prompt.Windows batch file not opening
  10. Finally, navigate to the following key:
  11. Right-click on the “.bat” key and select “Delete“. Confirm the deletion when prompted.
  12. Close the Registry Editor and restart your computer.

Upon completion of these steps, the default file association for .bat files should be restored, and your batch files should be able to open and run correctly.

Check batch file syntax and errors

If your batch file contains syntax errors or invalid commands, it may fail to run properly. You can use a text editor with syntax highlighting, such as Notepad++, to check your script for errors and fix them. You can also run your batch file from the command prompt to see the error messages and debug the code.

To do this, open the Command Prompt and navigate to the directory where your batch file is located. Then, type the name of the file, including the .bat extension, and press Enter. If there are any errors, the command prompt will display them and stop the script from running.

bat file not running Windows 11

Check if Command Prompt access is enabled

If you are unable to run batch files on your Windows 11/10 system, it may be because the Command Prompt (CMD) is not enabled or accessible. Here’s how to check if CMD access is enabled:

  1. Click Start menu and type “cmd” in the search bar.
  2. Click on “Command Prompt” in the search results to open it.Open CMD Windows 11
  3. If the command prompt opens, CMD is enabled on your system.
  4. If you see an error message or the command prompt does not open, CMD access may be disabled.

Enable CMD Access on Windows 11/10

If you find that CMD access is disabled on your Windows 11/10 system, you can enable it via Local Group Policy Editor by following these steps:

  1. Go to Start menu and search for “gpedit.msc” or simply “Local Group Policy Editor”.
  2. Click on “Local Group Policy Editor” in the search results to open it..Open Group Policy Editor Windows 11
  3. Navigate to the following path:
    User Configuration > Administrative Templates > System
  4. Double-click on the “Prevent access to the command prompt” policy.Check if CMD is disabled
  5. Select “Disabled” or “Not configured” and click “OK“.Prevent access to Command Prompt Windows 11
  6. Close the Local Group Policy Editor and try to run your .bat file again.

If you are unable to access the Local Group Policy Editor, you can also try enabling CMD access through the Windows Registry Editor:

  1. Press Win + R to open the Run dialog box.
  2. Type “regedit” and press Enter to open the Registry Editor.Open Registry Editor
  3. Navigate to the following key:
  4. Check if there is a value called “DisableCMD” or “DisableCMDAccess“.
  5. If so, double-click on it and set the Value data to “0“.
  6. Close the Registry Editor and try to run your .bat file again.

Temporarily disable antivirus or add exception for your .BAT File

Sometimes, antivirus or security software can falsely identify batch files as potential threats and block them from running. This can happen even if your batch file is completely safe and contains no malicious code. If you suspect that your antivirus or security software is preventing your .bat file from running, you can try temporarily disabling the software or adding an exception (whitelisting) for your .bat file.

Keep in mind that disabling antivirus or security software can leave your computer vulnerable to malware and other threats. Therefore, it’s important to re-enable the software as soon as you have finished testing your batch file.

Whitelist Antivirus

Check user permissions and directory access

If your user account does not have the necessary permissions to run batch files or access certain directories, you may need to grant permissions to your user account by following the steps below.

Also see: How to Take Ownership of a File, Folder or Drive in Windows 11

  1. Right-click on the directory where your batch file is located.
  2. Select “Properties” and go to the “Security” tab.
  3. Check if your user account has “Full control” or “Read & execute” permissions.Check folder permission
  4. If not, click “Edit” and add your user account to the list of allowed users.
  5. Check the box next to “Full control” or “Read & execute” and click “OK“.
  6. Repeat the same steps for any other directories or files that your batch file needs to access.


In this article, we’ve discussed several solutions to the problem of .bat files not running in Windows 11 or 10. These solutions include repairing the batch file association using registry fix, enabling CMD access, and temporarily disabling antivirus or whitelisting your .bat file.

However, if none of these solutions work, there may be other underlying issues that are preventing your .bat files from running. For example, there could be a problem with the batch file itself, such as incorrect syntax or missing commands. You may need to review your batch file and make any necessary corrections.

Nyau Wai Hoe
Nyau Wai Hoe is the Founder and Chief Editor of With a degree in software engineering and over 12 years of experience in the tech support industry, Nyau has established himself as an expert in the field, with a primary focus on the Microsoft Windows operating system. As a tech enthusiast, he loves exploring new technologies and leveraging them to solve real-life problems.

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